Correlates of childhood independent mobility in Canada: Location, location, location
ISPAH ePoster Library. Riazi N. Oct 16, 2018; 225064
Negin Riazi
Negin Riazi
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Abstract
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Abstract Introduction:<\b>
Children’s independent mobility (CIM, e.g., children’s freedom to travel without adult supervision) has declined dramatically over the past several decades. In order to reduce this decline it is important to examine the factors influencing CIM. This study aimed to examine the correlates of CIM in three regions across Canada (Ottawa, Vancouver, and Trois-Rivières). Method: Thirty-seven elementary schools were recruited with a total of 1892 child-parent dyads responding to questionnaires. CIM was assessed by presence or absence of 6 mobility licenses (index scores from 0-6). Questionnaires also assessed child demographic information (e.g., age, gender), parent demographics (e.g., education level, gender), parental perceptions of social (e.g., informal social control) and built environment, fears of safety, and mobile phone ownership. Linear mixed-effects models were conducted to examine the association between individual, social, and environmental factors and CIM. Results:<\b>
11% of the variance in CIM could be attributed to differences between regions. Proportion of children with no licenses was 28.7% in Vancouver, 21.4% in Ottawa and 6.3% in Trois-Rivières. Boys had significantly greater CIM than girls (β=.09) while a child’s mobile phone ownership was positively associated with CIM (β=.17). Father’s education level was inversely related to CIM (β =-.08). Not having concerns about strangers (β= .13) and low parental fear of traffic injury were also associated with CIM (β=.27). Conclusion:<\b>
Where children live influences opportunities for CIM. While correlates were similar to those previously reported in the literature, further investigation is required exploring the spatial heterogeneity of CIM in Canada and internationally.
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