Effects of physical inactivity on body composition of older people: A meta analysis
ISPAH ePoster Library. Popovic S. 10/15/18; 225067; 294
Prof. Stevo Popovic
Prof. Stevo Popovic
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Abstract
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Abstract The purpose of this study was to analyses the studies that investigated the effects of physical inactivity on body composition of older people. This investigation subject included the studies published in the period from 1990 to 2017 that have been focused on the effects of physical inactivity on body composition of older people older than 50. Three electronic databases (MEDLINE, Scopus, and Web of Science) were searched for original research articles available until December 2017. Results of this study indicated that the benefits of physical activity on positive changes in body composition of older people were determined within the fitness programmes that were combined with an adequate nutrition. On the other hand, it is important to emphasize that the adequate duration of the fitness programmes for older people would last over 12 weeks in order to identify positive results, while the frequency of the training sessions would span from 3 to 4 times a week. The positive results would also be reached if the intensity of the exercises would be increased up to 80% of One-Rep Max, while each exercises would be repeated from 8 to 12 times. Findings from this study demonstrate that the proper physical activity might positively affect body composition in older people. However, these findings should be taken into consideration carefully, largely due to the reason there were a number of non-standardized research protocols, as well as various approaches for research in past decades.
Abstract The purpose of this study was to analyses the studies that investigated the effects of physical inactivity on body composition of older people. This investigation subject included the studies published in the period from 1990 to 2017 that have been focused on the effects of physical inactivity on body composition of older people older than 50. Three electronic databases (MEDLINE, Scopus, and Web of Science) were searched for original research articles available until December 2017. Results of this study indicated that the benefits of physical activity on positive changes in body composition of older people were determined within the fitness programmes that were combined with an adequate nutrition. On the other hand, it is important to emphasize that the adequate duration of the fitness programmes for older people would last over 12 weeks in order to identify positive results, while the frequency of the training sessions would span from 3 to 4 times a week. The positive results would also be reached if the intensity of the exercises would be increased up to 80% of One-Rep Max, while each exercises would be repeated from 8 to 12 times. Findings from this study demonstrate that the proper physical activity might positively affect body composition in older people. However, these findings should be taken into consideration carefully, largely due to the reason there were a number of non-standardized research protocols, as well as various approaches for research in past decades.
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