The longitudinal relationship between unhealthy lifestyle behaviours and development of psychological distress
ISPAH ePoster Library. S Kolt G. 10/15/18; 225079; 150
Prof. Gregory S Kolt
Prof. Gregory S Kolt
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Abstract
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Abstract Introduction:<\b>
A range of unhealthy lifestyle behaviours, including physical inactivity, unhealthy dietary intake, smoking, and alcohol consumption, have been shown individually to impact mental health, and in particular, psychological distress. Given that such unhealthy lifestyle behaviours often occur in combination, it is possible that the clustering of such factors has a more impactful effect on mental health. The aim of this study was to investigate the longitudinal association between unhealthy lifestyle behaviours and psychological distress. Methods:<\b>
Data for this study were drawn from the 45 and Up Study, a large-scale longitudinal cohort study of a range of health and social indicators in adults aged 45 years and older from across New South Wales, Australia. Participants were 25,152 adults with complete baseline and 5-year follow-up data for psychological distress (Kessler-10). An index of unhealthy lifestyles was constructed using binary indicators of whether a participant failed to adhere to published guidelines for physical activity, alcohol consumption, consumption of fruit, vegetables and processed meat, and tobacco smoking. RESULTS: After adjusting for age, gender, marital status, education, income, employment status, and BMI, participants with 4 (OR 1.50; 95%CI 1.06, 2.13), 5 (OR 2.48; 95%CI 1.56, 3.91), or 6 (OR 3.26; 95%CI 1.08, 9.86) unhealthy lifestyle behaviours at baseline had significantly higher odds of reporting high/very high psychological distress (Kessler-10 scores of ≥22/50) at follow-up compared with those with fewer unhealthy lifestyle behaviours at baseline. CONCLUSION: A higher number of unhealthy lifestyle behaviours may lead to higher levels of psychological distress.
Abstract Introduction:<\b>
A range of unhealthy lifestyle behaviours, including physical inactivity, unhealthy dietary intake, smoking, and alcohol consumption, have been shown individually to impact mental health, and in particular, psychological distress. Given that such unhealthy lifestyle behaviours often occur in combination, it is possible that the clustering of such factors has a more impactful effect on mental health. The aim of this study was to investigate the longitudinal association between unhealthy lifestyle behaviours and psychological distress. Methods:<\b>
Data for this study were drawn from the 45 and Up Study, a large-scale longitudinal cohort study of a range of health and social indicators in adults aged 45 years and older from across New South Wales, Australia. Participants were 25,152 adults with complete baseline and 5-year follow-up data for psychological distress (Kessler-10). An index of unhealthy lifestyles was constructed using binary indicators of whether a participant failed to adhere to published guidelines for physical activity, alcohol consumption, consumption of fruit, vegetables and processed meat, and tobacco smoking. RESULTS: After adjusting for age, gender, marital status, education, income, employment status, and BMI, participants with 4 (OR 1.50; 95%CI 1.06, 2.13), 5 (OR 2.48; 95%CI 1.56, 3.91), or 6 (OR 3.26; 95%CI 1.08, 9.86) unhealthy lifestyle behaviours at baseline had significantly higher odds of reporting high/very high psychological distress (Kessler-10 scores of ≥22/50) at follow-up compared with those with fewer unhealthy lifestyle behaviours at baseline. CONCLUSION: A higher number of unhealthy lifestyle behaviours may lead to higher levels of psychological distress.
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