Active travel in a rural university community: Associations with BMI, perceived health, facilitators and barriers
ISPAH ePoster Library. Scruggs P. Oct 15, 2018; 225081
Dr. Philip Scruggs
Dr. Philip Scruggs
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Abstract
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Abstract Introduction. The purpose was to explore the associations of seasonality, BMI, and perceived health, facilitators and barriers with active travel in a rural university setting.Method. A cross-sectional survey design was used to collect employee (mean age 45.19±12.55 years, 37% male) data from a rural inland northwestern U.S. public university. Survey (N=1,647) responses (response rate 29%) were acquired across three seasons (fall [n=593], winter [n=546] and spring [n=508]), and 61%, 48% and 55% were active travelers, respectively. A Qualtrics survey utilized the International Physical Activity Questionnaire active travel questions, along with facilitator and barrier, perceived health, BMI and demographic questions. Descriptive (f), Chi-square and logistic regression (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]) statistics were used to examine associations between active travel and identified factors.Results. Overall, the perceived health of the sample was healthy to very healthy for a majority of active travelers (73%) and non-active travelers (57%). Dominate barriers for non-active and active travelers were time, weather and items to carry. Dominate facilitators for active travelers were functional fitness, stress reduction and weight management. Active traveling was significantly associated with higher perceived health status [AOR 3.11, 2.08-4.63, p=.001], higher education attainment [AOR 2.04, 1.42-2.94, p=.001], healthy BMI [AOR 1.45, 1.07-1.95, p=.016], and seasonality [AOR 1.60, 1.24-2.06, p=.001]. For active travelers, seasonality impacted bicycling more than walking (X2 [2] = 27.1, p=.001).Conclusion. Active travel has significant potential as a key component of a healthy lifestyle, and rural university communities can benefit from a better understanding of active travel engagement.
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