Are spectators at mass participation events inspired to increase their physical activity?
ISPAH ePoster Library. Gunasekera R. Oct 16, 2018; 225086; 4
Dr. Roshan Gunasekera
Dr. Roshan Gunasekera
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Abstract
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Abstract Introduction:<\b>
It has been suggested that Mass Participation Events (MPEs) may inspire individuals to increase their Physical Activity (PA). This study aims to establish whether spectators who are inspired by attending a MPE increase their PA. Methods:<\b>
Adult spectators at 7 Half Marathons (HMs) during 2016 were invited to participate in the study. Self-reported PA levels in three domains (work; travel and recreational PA), inspiration and behaviour change, according to the Transtheoretical Model (TTM), were collected using a validated questionnaire. Follow-up questionnaires were emailed to participants at 2 and 12 months. Results:<\b>
190 spectators completed the initial questionnaire. The follow-up rate was 42% and 28% at 2 and 12 months respectively. 63% of participating spectators reported being inspired during the event, however there were no significant changes in PA levels at either follow-up point and there were no significant differences in PA between inspired and uninspired participants. No significant change was seen from individuals evolving out of pre-contemplation stage in the TTM. The most commonly cited barrier to PA was lack of time (N=82), and correspondingly participants valued more free time as the most common potential motivator to increasing PA (N=40). Conclusion:<\b>
Participants in this study reported being inspired by spectating at a MPE however their overall PA levels did not change at 2 and 12 months follow-up. The application of the TTM to the study revealed that attitudes to PA evolved but the follow-up numbers were insufficient to reveal a significant result.
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