A review of global surveillance on the muscle strengthening and balance and coordination elements of physical activity recommendations
ISPAH ePoster Library. Milton K. Oct 15, 2018; 225099
Dr. Karen Milton
Dr. Karen Milton
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Abstract Introduction:<\b>
The muscle strengthening and balance and coordination recommendations are often omitted from public communication campaigns and national surveillance systems, which appear to prioritise the aerobic ‘150 minutes’ component. The aim of the current research was to review national physical activity surveillance systems to determine: whether they include muscle strengthening and balance and coordination activities; whether these activities are factored into national prevalence estimates; and to appraise the utility of different tools for measuring these components of the physical activity recommendations. Methods:<\b>
We obtained a copy of each survey that was used to inform the GoPA country card prevalence estimates, and reviewed both the content and calculating/reporting protocols. Results:<\b>
Of the 139 countries with GoPA country cards, 21 countries reported having no physical activity prevalence data. The remaining 118 countries had prevalence data on physical activity and cited the survey that was used to generate the estimates. The physical activity prevalence estimates for 74 countries were taken from the World Health Organization 2014 Global Status Report on Non-communicable Diseases. For the remaining 44 countries, a range of national and international surveys were used. A very limited number of tools sought to assess muscle strengthening activities, and even fewer assessed balance and coordination activities. Discussion: This review identifies limitations, challenges, and future directions to improve the quality of the physical activity and health recommendations and the surveillance systems used to calculate population prevalence of physical activity. External funding details This research was funded by a grant from The Centre for Ageing Better.
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