How engaged are health and sport-focused workforces in supporting physical activity promotion for individuals who are overweight or obese?
ISPAH ePoster Library. Oliver E. Oct 15, 2018; 225101
Dr. Emily Oliver
Dr. Emily Oliver
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Abstract
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Abstract Introduction and Method: Given its benefits for physical and psychological health, and contribution to weight reduction, physical activity promotion is a core strand of lifestyle-focused interventions for those who are overweight or obese. As policy increasingly seeks to engage both health and sports sectors in targeting obesity, this research examined attitudes and practices of two professional populations involved: ‘Gatekeepers’ (General Practitioners (GPs): n = 87; 80 surgeries) and ‘Deliverers’ (Sport Development Officers (SDOs): n = 6). The former completed questionnaires, and the latter in-depth interviews, examining attitudes towards and professional practices concerning the engagement and delivery of physical activity for obese individuals. Results:<\b>
‘Gatekeepers’ predominantly agreed that activity promotion was part of their job (83%) with more engagement in activity promotion than prescription. GPs desired more relevant training (42%) and would prescribe physical activity more often if financial incentives were present (21%). Conversely, ‘Deliverers’ reported that obesity reduction was not a specific target, but did recognise their remit was changing. They identified a need to improve public health sector links and to better understand new types of client. More positive attitudes and fewer anti-fat stereotypes were reported by those involved with strategy and management as opposed to those coordinating direct delivery. Conclusion:<\b>
Collectively, findings suggest both medical and sport-focused professionals are engaged in the physical activity promotion agenda for individuals who are overweight or obese, but that policy and investment is needed in training, facilitating cross-sector links, and developing relevant structures and systems for encouraging, monitoring, and rewarding performance.
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