Cross-cultural translation of a Spanish version of the Dogs and Physical Activity- DAPA tool.
ISPAH ePoster Library. Ramirez Muñoz P. Oct 16, 2018; 225130; 324
Paula Ramirez Muñoz
Paula Ramirez Muñoz
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Abstract Introduction:<\b>
Walking with dogs could be a strategy for achieving physical activity recommendations among their owners. This behavior may vary between countries due to sociocultural and environmental differences. In Colombia there is neither valid nor reliable instrument that allows the evaluation of this association. The Dog and Physical Activity (DAPA) tool is considered a comprehensive and reliable instrument for measuring dog owners’ physical activity and the context-specific factors that affect this behavior. Purpose: To perform the cross-cultural translation of the Dogs and Physical Activity (DAPA) tool questionnaire into Colombian Spanish, and to analyze its facial validity. Methods:<\b>
The DAPA tool was translated from English to Spanish following a standardized forward and backward translation protocol, according to international recommendations for questionnaire adaptation by certified translators. A group of experts was selected to assess the semantic, idiomatic and cultural equivalence of the instrument. Results:<\b>
The equivalence among the expert group for each item varied between 89.4% and 92.4%. During the phase of cultural adaptation, in question 11 regarding the likelihood of factors that might affect walking with a dog, the option 'the shorter days in winter' was adjusted because Colombia is in the tropical zone and does not have seasons. During the pilot test no adjustments had to be made to the questionnaire.Conclusions: A Spanish translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the DAPA tool for use in Colombia was carried out. Prior to use, it is necessary to evaluate its psychometric properties to obtain a valid tool for the Colombian context.
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