Environmental correlates of active transport to school in New Zealand adolescents living within a walkable distance to school
ISPAH ePoster Library. García Bengoeche E. Oct 15, 2018; 225143
Enrique García Bengoeche
Enrique García Bengoeche
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Abstract Background:<\b>
Physical environment factors (including built environment) are predictors of active transport to school in children and adolescents. However, perceptions and features of the built environment are location-specific. This study examined the environmental correlates of walking to school in adolescents from Dunedin, New Zealand, who lived within a walkable distance to school. Methods:<\b>
Adolescents (n=381; age: 15.3±1.4 years; 44.6% boys; living ≤2.25 km from school) from all 12 secondary schools in Dunedin, New Zealand, completed an online survey about travel to school and Neighbourhood Environment Walkability Scale for Youth questionnaire in 2014-2015. Distance to school was calculated using Geographic Information Systems network analysis. Threshold distance for walking to school (≤2.25 km) was calculated using Receiver Operating Curve analysis (BEATS Study data; 1,463 adolescents; sensitivity/specificity/area under the curve: 0.86/0.82/0.93). Data were analysed using mixed effects binary logistic regressions. Results:<\b>
Overall, 69.6% of adolescents walked to school (range across schools: 61.9% to 83.1%). In a multivariate analysis, adolescents perceptions of good street connectivity in their home neighbourhood was positively associated with walking to school [OR (95%CI): 2.21 (1.08-4.50)], whereas age [0.79 (0.66-0.96)] and distance to school [0.99 (0.99–0.99)] were negatively associated. No other aspects of the perceived neighbourhood environment were related to adolescents’ walking to school. Conclusions: Built environment interventions for promoting walking to school in adolescents living within a walkable distance to school should focus on improving street connectivity. External funding details Health Research Council of New Zealand, National Heart Foundation, Lottery Health Research Grant, Dunedin City Council, University of Otago.
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