Mapping the historical development of physical activity and health research
ISPAH ePoster Library. Ramirez Varela A. Oct 16, 2018; 225153
Dr. Andrea Ramirez Varela
Dr. Andrea Ramirez Varela
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Abstract
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Abstract Introduction:<\b>
Physical inactivity is a global priority. Since the first epidemiologic studies were published in the 1950s publications and research groups have increased greatly. The historical development has been described, but without a quantitative research approach.Objective: Provide a historical reconstruction of the development of the physical activity and health (PAH) research field since 1950, identifying the most influential articles over time. Methods:<\b>
A structured literature review using formal citation network analysis (method to study connections between articles) was conducted. A list of influential PAH publications identified by experts was used to build a citation network of 141 publications representing the backbone of the field. Data were extracted for these studies and the network was analyzed and displayed. Results:<\b>
The field began in the 1950s in Europe and North America, focused on health outcomes. Objective measurement and policy research influenced the progression to built environment and global surveillance work. The most influential PAH publications were: The first population based PA guidelines for Americans (Pate 1995); The first population based study with accelerometers (Troiano 2007); A systematic review on PA and health (Powell 1987); The first peer reviewed study in the field (Morris 1953); and, a systematic review of effective PAH interventions (Kahn 2002).Conclusions: This study is the first to quantitate the development of the PAH research field, identify fundamental ideas cited over time, and note knowledge and communication gaps for research and practice. These results will help to strategically guide future research and public health practice for PAH.
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