Time-use in screen-based devices among children and adolescents: A systematic scoping review of large population-based studies published since 2000
ISPAH ePoster Library. Thomas G. Oct 15, 2018; 225202
Mr. George Thomas
Mr. George Thomas
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Abstract
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Abstract Background:<\b>
The availability of different types of screen-based devices (e.g., smartphones, tablets) has increased considerably in recent years. However, there is limited understanding on the time-use of these newer screen-based devices among young people, in addition to whether they contribute towards ‘excessive’ total screen time (>2h/day). The aim of this study is to conduct a systematic scoping review to examine the published literature on current time-use in screen-based devices among young people (5-18 years). Methods:<\b>
Seven online databases were systematically searched. Inclusion criteria were: (i) population-based studies (minimum sample size n=≥5000); (ii) participants aged 5-18 years; (iii) studies reporting time-use data on ≥1 screen time devices; and (iv) studies published since 2000. Screening and data extraction were conducted in duplicate. Results:<\b>
130 studies were included in the review. Most studies (78%) reported prevalence on a variety of screen-time behaviours. TV viewing (64%) was the most common measure of screen time whilst time-use in newer screen-based devices, such as cell phones (5%) and active gaming consoles (1%), received much less scholarly attention. On average, 52.3% of participants (k=19 studies) exceeded the screen time guideline of two-hours per day, while time-use in newer screen-based devices such as cell phones (k=2) averaged 1.5 (0.08 – 2.9) hours per day. Conclusion:<\b>
There is a shortage of literature examining newer screen-based devices (e.g., smartphones, tablets). Findings may be used to inform future research and policy designed to identify the time-use of newer screen-based devices and limit overall screen-time among young people where appropriate.
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