Sports activity in childhood is related to lower risk of symptoms of depression in junior high school boys: Two-year follow-up study
ISPAH ePoster Library. Nagano M. 10/15/18; 225239; 371
Mayumi Nagano
Mayumi Nagano
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Abstract IntroductionThere is very few objective and longitudinal data showing how sports activities during childhood relates to the incidence of symptoms of depression later in their junior high school life. We therefore conducted a longitudinal study to examine the above subject in junior high school students in a local city in Japan.MethodThe subjects in the present study were 285 boys enrolled in a local national university-affiliated junior high school. In addition to childhood sports activities, participation in sports clubs, lifestyle behavior and psychological characteristics in junior high were assessed each year using questionnaires. Their fitness data was submitted by the school. Baseline characteristics were compared between two groups, divided by the presence or absence of childhood sports. Furthermore, odds ratios for the incidences of symptoms of depression in 2nd and 3rd school year were calculated using logistic regression models in the above two groups, excluding those who had symptoms of depression on their 1st year. Results / Conclusion Lack of childhood sports activities was significantly related to a higher incidence of symptoms of depression on their 2nd year. On the 3rd year, the significance of childhood sports activities had disappeared. However, higher fitness was significantly related to a lower incidence of symptoms. It was speculated that childhood sports experiences might have facilitated their participation in sports club activities later on, which led to higher fitness and better friendships, resulting in favorable physical and mental conditions which helped in preventing such symptoms. External funding details This study was supported by the Sasagawa Sports Foundation in 2014 and 2016.
Abstract IntroductionThere is very few objective and longitudinal data showing how sports activities during childhood relates to the incidence of symptoms of depression later in their junior high school life. We therefore conducted a longitudinal study to examine the above subject in junior high school students in a local city in Japan.MethodThe subjects in the present study were 285 boys enrolled in a local national university-affiliated junior high school. In addition to childhood sports activities, participation in sports clubs, lifestyle behavior and psychological characteristics in junior high were assessed each year using questionnaires. Their fitness data was submitted by the school. Baseline characteristics were compared between two groups, divided by the presence or absence of childhood sports. Furthermore, odds ratios for the incidences of symptoms of depression in 2nd and 3rd school year were calculated using logistic regression models in the above two groups, excluding those who had symptoms of depression on their 1st year. Results / Conclusion Lack of childhood sports activities was significantly related to a higher incidence of symptoms of depression on their 2nd year. On the 3rd year, the significance of childhood sports activities had disappeared. However, higher fitness was significantly related to a lower incidence of symptoms. It was speculated that childhood sports experiences might have facilitated their participation in sports club activities later on, which led to higher fitness and better friendships, resulting in favorable physical and mental conditions which helped in preventing such symptoms. External funding details This study was supported by the Sasagawa Sports Foundation in 2014 and 2016.
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