Exploring the significance of public parks to physical activity and health in Bangkok, Thailand
ISPAH ePoster Library. Chandrasiri O. 10/15/18; 225242; 84
Orana Chandrasiri
Orana Chandrasiri
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Abstract
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Abstract In Bangkok, built environment is considered as a hindrance for engaging physical activity (PA) and parks have become the only public infrastructure in the city that can provide support to PA promotion. However, parks and green space is considered secondary in infrastructure planning in Thailand, where roads and highways are more important. The paper explores the PA levels in ten district and community parks in Bangkok, Thailand. System for Observing Play and Recreation in Communities (SOPARC) is used to examine the change of activity patterns of users in the park and levels of PA. A survey questionnaire of people who live in five minutes’ walk from the park is used to understand the perception and attitude of Bangkok’s residents towards public park. It is found that in Bangkok, there are average of 1,000 to 10,000 people visiting public parks every day and more than 70% of them are already engaged in physical activity. It is also found that in Bangkok, one time visit to the park is equal to the increase of seven minutes of total moderate to vigorous PA per week. The implication of the study is that in Bangkok, clustering physical activity campaigns in the urban and community parks will broaden the current efforts on advocating the issue. This is because public parks offer a unique setting, providing opportunities for physical activity, enjoyment of nature, and social interaction compared to any other public infrastructure.
Abstract In Bangkok, built environment is considered as a hindrance for engaging physical activity (PA) and parks have become the only public infrastructure in the city that can provide support to PA promotion. However, parks and green space is considered secondary in infrastructure planning in Thailand, where roads and highways are more important. The paper explores the PA levels in ten district and community parks in Bangkok, Thailand. System for Observing Play and Recreation in Communities (SOPARC) is used to examine the change of activity patterns of users in the park and levels of PA. A survey questionnaire of people who live in five minutes’ walk from the park is used to understand the perception and attitude of Bangkok’s residents towards public park. It is found that in Bangkok, there are average of 1,000 to 10,000 people visiting public parks every day and more than 70% of them are already engaged in physical activity. It is also found that in Bangkok, one time visit to the park is equal to the increase of seven minutes of total moderate to vigorous PA per week. The implication of the study is that in Bangkok, clustering physical activity campaigns in the urban and community parks will broaden the current efforts on advocating the issue. This is because public parks offer a unique setting, providing opportunities for physical activity, enjoyment of nature, and social interaction compared to any other public infrastructure.
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