Relationship of physical fitness and obesity status with cardiometabolic risk factors in college aged students
ISPAH ePoster Library. Bopp C. Oct 16, 2018; 225248; 546
Dr. Christopher Bopp
Dr. Christopher Bopp
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Abstract
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Abstract Little examination of cardiometabolic risk in college students has occurred as this population is typically presumed healthy; the number of studies exploring the influences of fitness and obesity on this topic are fewer still. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of fitness and obesity on cardiometabolic risk in college students. Undergraduate students (n=5,986) completed an assessment battery including: estimated cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2max), BMI, percent body fat, waist girth, blood lipids and glucose and blood pressure. Among males (n=3634) higher fitness was associated with reduced rates of dyslipidemia (β=0.94,p<0.000), prediabetes (β=0.97,p<0.000) and hypertension (β=0.93,p<0.000). Among females (n=2352), higher fitness was associated with lower rates of prediabetes (β=0.97,p=0.04) and hypertension (β=0.93,p<0.000). Males and females in the lowest quartile of fitness demonstrated significantly higher BMI, percent body fat, waist girth, total cholesterol (TC), LDL cholesterol (LDL-C), triglycerides, systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) compared with the most fit quartile. In males and females, obesity was associated with greater dyslipidemia (β=1.15,p<0.000), prediabetes, (β=1.06,p<0.000) and hypertension (β=1.14,p<0.000). Compared to their normal weight or overweight counterparts, obese participants demonstrated significantly lower fitness and HDL, and higher TC, LDL-C, triglycerides, and SBP and DBP (ps<0.000). Although the consequences of obesity and low fitness in young adulthood will not lead to clinical symptoms for decades, both increase the likelihood that an individual will meet criteria for cardiometabolic risk factors. A significant difference in cardiometabolic risk factors can be detected between quartiles of fitness and by obesity status in young adults. External funding details None
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