Developing a national physical activity plan of action in Oman
ISPAH ePoster Library. Alsiyabi H. Oct 15, 2018; 225265; 49
Huda Alsiyabi
Huda Alsiyabi
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Abstract
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Abstract Overview: Oman has experienced widespread societal changes, including rapid urbanization and a decline in physical activity (PA), which has contributed to a high prevalence of overweight and obesity and increasing prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Health authorities’ interest in promoting PA was the driving force for developing a multisectoral national plan of action (POA) to promote physical activity. The authors describe the development process and share the lessons learned.Development Process: A series of steps took place between 2015-2017 to develop the POA. First, a situation analysis of the prevalence of physical inactivity in Oman was conducted. Second, sectoral actions promoting PA were mapped. Third, advocacy visits to key ministries were conducted to obtain commitment and identify experts for a multi-sectoral executive team. Fourth, this team drafted the POA following the guidance of the “seven best investments” to promote PA. Fifth, the draft POA was then reviewed by an international expert. Sixth, a multisectoral taskforce was then formed by the National Committee for NCDs to finalize the POA and oversee the planned activities.Lessons Learnt: Several lessons have emerged from the Omani experience in developing the POA including: (1) a highly represented national committee creates political commitment and facilitates multisectoral collaboration, (2) sufficient knowledge about the current actions at each sector, cultural characteristics and barriers to PA in the community is critical, (3) available evidence-based approaches and best buys helps guide the planning process and (4) being patient and diplomatic when dealing with partners.No funding was required.
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