Changes over time in levels of fatness and physical fitness of adolescents with Down syndrome. The UP&DOWN longitudinal study
ISPAH ePoster Library. Suarez-Villadat B. 10/16/18; 225268; 63
Prof. Borja Suarez-Villadat
Prof. Borja Suarez-Villadat
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Abstract
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Abstract Background:<\b>
Nowadays, overweight and childhood obesity represent a significant health problem, since it has been associated with suffering cardiovascular disease in adulthood. People with intellectual disabilities, especially Down syndrome (DS), have been associated with high rates of obesity and low levels of physical fitness compared with their peers without DS. The aim of the present study is to examine 2-year longitudinal changes in several markers of fatness and levels of physical fitness in adolescents with DS. Methods:<\b>
The study is composed of a sample of 111 adolescents with DS (UP & DOWN longitudinal study). The ALPHA battery was used to assess fatness and physical fitness levels of adolescents at baseline and over 2-years follow-up. Paired sample statistical t-tests segmented for sex and age group were used to analyse the differences between baseline and follow-up fatness and physical fitness data. Results:<\b>
The present study shows changes in fatness and physical fitness of adolescents with by sex and age group. All groups increased in all fatness variables, excepted males and older group significantly decrease in percentage of body fat (all P<0.05). No differences were observed in females and younger group at 2-year change in percentage of body fat. Males and older adolescents improved their levels of handgrip strength and cardiorespiratory fitness, while females improve levels in handgrip strength and motor fitness at 2-year change (P<0.05). Conclusions: Adolescents with DS tend to increase levels of fatness and barely change their level of physical fitness by sex and age groups at 2-year follow-ups.
Abstract Background:<\b>
Nowadays, overweight and childhood obesity represent a significant health problem, since it has been associated with suffering cardiovascular disease in adulthood. People with intellectual disabilities, especially Down syndrome (DS), have been associated with high rates of obesity and low levels of physical fitness compared with their peers without DS. The aim of the present study is to examine 2-year longitudinal changes in several markers of fatness and levels of physical fitness in adolescents with DS. Methods:<\b>
The study is composed of a sample of 111 adolescents with DS (UP & DOWN longitudinal study). The ALPHA battery was used to assess fatness and physical fitness levels of adolescents at baseline and over 2-years follow-up. Paired sample statistical t-tests segmented for sex and age group were used to analyse the differences between baseline and follow-up fatness and physical fitness data. Results:<\b>
The present study shows changes in fatness and physical fitness of adolescents with by sex and age group. All groups increased in all fatness variables, excepted males and older group significantly decrease in percentage of body fat (all P<0.05). No differences were observed in females and younger group at 2-year change in percentage of body fat. Males and older adolescents improved their levels of handgrip strength and cardiorespiratory fitness, while females improve levels in handgrip strength and motor fitness at 2-year change (P<0.05). Conclusions: Adolescents with DS tend to increase levels of fatness and barely change their level of physical fitness by sex and age groups at 2-year follow-ups.
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