Do local authorities’ resource allocation decisions have an impact on physical activity among adults : A panel study
ISPAH ePoster Library. Kuvaja-Köllner V. Oct 15, 2018; 225287
Virpi Kuvaja-Köllner
Virpi Kuvaja-Köllner
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Abstract
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Abstract Background:<\b>
In Finland, local authorities (municipalities) play a major role in providing many services, including sport and physical activity facilities. Most of the decision-making related to physical activity settings takes place at the local level. Methods:<\b>
The data on local resources for physical activity (expenditure on physical activity and sport, number of sports associations receiving subsidies from the municipality, kilometres of pedestrian walkways and hectares of parks) in 1999 and 2010 were gathered from national registers. This data were combined with a two-wave national survey data from the Health 2000 Study, conducted in 2000 and 2011. We had individual level data on physical activity in leisure time (N=3,193) and commuting physical activity (N=1,408). Due to this hierarchical data structure, i.e., where individuals are nested within municipalities, multi-level analyses are applied. Results:<\b>
The resources for physical activity increased and varied between municipalities. Still, these differences and changes did not explain the variation in individuals’ physical activity. Our model shows that mainly individual characteristics like higher education level, better health status and male gender increased leisure time physical activity. Living in an urban area increased physical activity and women practised more commuting physical activity than men.Conclusions: The decision-makers should know better which facilities or what motivates citizens into being physically active, and then allocate local resources accordingly. External funding details This study was funded by Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture (DNRO 50/626/2012) and South Savo Regional fund.
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