Physical fitness and falls among rural elderly in Japan: A cross-sectional study
ISPAH ePoster Library. Yamatsu K. Oct 15, 2018; 225350
Koji Yamatsu
Koji Yamatsu
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Abstract
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Abstract Background:<\b>
Fallings are common among the elderly population, since ageing is a risk factor of falling. It is important to prevent long-term care as a result of fall. Balance disorders and muscle weakness are associated with increased risk for falling among the elderly, but the relationship with falls is unclear among rural elderly. The aim of this study was to determine whether physical fitness was associated with falls among rural elderly. Methods:<\b>
Participants were 636 elderly (mean age: 73.6+/-7.3, male: 10.7%, mean body mass index [BMI]: 23.3+/- 3.5) living rural area in Japan. All participants completed the questionnaires and two types of physical fitness tests (hand grip-strength and usual walking speeds). The physical fitness tests were reported to be valid by previous study (Shinkai et al., 2000). Independent measures were handgrip force and walking speed.Findings: Of 636 subjects, 21.4% reported falling during the past year. Even after controlling for covariates (age, sex, BMI, healthy eating, sitting time, exercise class adherence and chronic conditions), falls were associated with hand grip (OR=0.94, 95% CI=0.90, 0.98) and with walking speed (OR=0.19, 95% CI=0.07, 0.53). Discussions: Hand grip-strength and usual walking ability were significantly associated with falls in Japanese rural elderly. External funding details Acknowledgements: This study was supported in part by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number JP26282188 and JP15K12723 from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan.
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