Inequalities in fundamental movement skill development: What about females and overweight children?
ISPAH ePoster Library. Kelly L. Oct 15, 2018; 225373; 174
Lisa Kelly
Lisa Kelly
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Abstract
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Abstract Introduction:<\b>
Fundamental movement skills (FMS) are building blocks for more advanced skills required for daily functioning and physical activity. They include locomotor (e.g. run, skip), object-control (e.g. strike, throw) and stability (e.g. single leg stance) skills. Children with advanced FMS are more likely to engage in regular physical activity and thus reduce their risk of contracting obesity-related diseases. The aim of this study was to examine FMS proficiency levels of Irish primary school children and identify differences according to gender and weight status. Methods:<\b>
Following anthropometric measurements, 216 males and 198 females from senior infants to fifth class (9.0±1.7 years) were video-recorded performing 13 FMS and scored using the TGMD-3. BMI percentiles were calculated and used to classify children as overweight (> 91st centile) or non-overweight (≤ 91st centile). Differences in mean skill scores between males/females and overweight/non-overweight participants were analysed using independent samples t-tests. Results:<\b>
Percentage mastery ranged between 1.4% (gallop) and 35.7% (slide). Object-control subtest and total TGMD-3 scores were significantly better among males compared to females (both p=0.001). Non-overweight participants had better locomotor subtest and total TGMD-3 scores than overweight participants (both p<0.001). Conclusion:<\b>
This study highlights very poor FMS mastery among Irish schoolchildren. Furthermore, females and overweight children are less proficient than males and non-overweight children respectively. Future programmes should aim to ensure all children are provided equal opportunities to develop proficient levels of FMS. This may stimulate confidence among ‘at risk’ groups to remain physically active throughout life. External funding details Funding: AIT President Seed Fund
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