Changes in cycling-related knowledge, Self-efficacy and behaviour following cycle skills training in children and adolescents
ISPAH ePoster Library. García Bengoeche E. Oct 16, 2018; 225381
Enrique García Bengoeche
Enrique García Bengoeche
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Abstract
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Abstract Introduction:<\b>
Promoting cycling to school among children and adolescents is considered a promising strategy to increase physical activity in this group. This study examined the short- and medium-term effects of CST (1-10 weeks) with or without on-road training on cycling-related knowledge, self-efficacy and behaviour in children (both genders) and adolescent girls. Method: Children (n=429; 11.0±0.9 years; 52.1% boys; 3 schools) and adolescent girls (n=117; 13.9±0.7 years; 2 schools) participated in either playground-based CST (Traffic-Free CST; n=207) or playground-based plus on-road CST (Traffic-Free+OnRoad CST; n=339) in Dunedin, New Zealand in 2015-2016. Participants completed pre-training, post-training, and follow-up (6-9 months after CST) self-report assessments of cycling-related knowledge, self-efficacy, and behaviour and practical skills assessment. Data were analysed using linear mixed models and generalized linear mixed models. Results:<\b>
Knowledge increased initially and, subsequently, the observed increase decelerated post-intervention, both in children and adolescent girls. Self-efficacy levels increased linearly from pre-test to follow-up, but no significant changes in cycling behaviour (frequency of riding a bicycle) were still apparent in either age group over the 6-9 month follow-up period. In children, initial gender differences in self-efficacy and cycling frequency favouring boys tended to disappear at follow-up. Similarly, initial differences in self-efficacy and cycling frequency in favour of children who participated in CST with on-road training disappeared at follow-up. Conclusions: Sustained increases in self-efficacy were not matched with changes in frequency of cycling during the period considered, particularly in adolescent girls. Therefore, additional supports may be necessary to encourage cycling to school among children and adolescents. External funding details Cycle skills training program in Dunedin, New Zealand, was supported by Dunedin City Council, New Zealand Transport Agency, Sport New Zealand, Otago Community Trust and Kiwisport. Evaluation of the program was supported by Dunedin City Council and Sport New Zealand.
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