Implementing policies promoting active and healthy lifestyles in Israeli Health Promoting Schools: An ecological approach
ISPAH ePoster Library. Tesler R. Oct 15, 2018; 225389; 416
Riki Tesler
Riki Tesler
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Abstract Introduction One of the most significant factors in the health process conducted in health promoting schools is the determination of a properly structured school wellness policy outlined by the school principal. This policy includes charting the school's needs, setting procedures, and developing and promoting health promotion programs. Method -The current study focused on differences in the implementation of nutritional policy and of policy encouraging physical activity among principals of health promoting schools versus non-health promoting schools. In order to examine the research questions, the statistical analysis was based on Israeli data from the 2014/15 HBSC-WHO cross-national survey conducted on 149 schools, of which 16.1% had been health-promoting schools for more than one year and 83.9% were non-health promoting schools. In addition, 56.5% of schools in the sample were elementary schools, 21.1% junior high schools, and 22.4% high schools. Results- The findings indicated that principals of health promoting schools showed higher application of nutritional policy (T=2.96, p<0.01) and policy encouraging physical activity (T=3.10, p<0.01) versus schools not recognized as health promoting. Moreover, female more than male principals were found to apply policy encouraging physical activity (T=3.03, p<0.01). Nonetheless, no differences were found in the application of nutritional policy and physical activity by school type (elementary, junior high, high schools).Conclusion- The current findings enhance understanding of school principals' essential role in joining the network of health promoting schools and of the intensity of relationships between school-related research variables and the principals.
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