Assessing the social climate of physical activity in Canada
ISPAH ePoster Library. Yun L. 10/15/18; 225404; 493
Dr. Lira Yun
Dr. Lira Yun
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Abstract
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Abstract Background:<\b>
Ecological models suggest an influential role of social climate on population-level physical activity (PA) yet research and surveillance efforts have paid limited attention to empirical assessment of this construct. The purpose of this study was two-fold: 1) to develop a measure of social climate for PA; and 2), to assess social climate in Canada. Methods:<\b>
A representative sample of Canadian adults (n = 2519, male = 50.3%, Mage = 49.06 ± 16.28 years) completed an online survey assessing demographics, PA, and social climate. Social climate was conceptualized as 1. the social acceptability of physical (in)activity; 2. support for PA related policies, regulations and programs; 3. perceptions of the causes of inactivity; and, 4. perceptions of responsibility for preventing inactivity. Descriptive analyses were conducted. Results:<\b>
Physical inactivity was considered a serious public health concern in Canada. The majority of Canadians (61%) reported not often seeing other people exercising nor kids playing outdoors (75%). Twenty-eight percent of the sample believed that society disapproves of physical inactivity. The majority (63%) of respondents believed that physical inactivity is caused by both individual and societal factors. Strong support existed for environmental-, individual- and economic-level policies and less for legislative approaches. Conclusion:<\b>
Physical inactivity is recognized by Canadians as a serious public health problem, yet there may be room for improvement in some social climate dimensions. The outcome of the current assessment provides a baseline for tracking the impact of future system-level interventions on social climate as it pertains to PA.
Abstract Background:<\b>
Ecological models suggest an influential role of social climate on population-level physical activity (PA) yet research and surveillance efforts have paid limited attention to empirical assessment of this construct. The purpose of this study was two-fold: 1) to develop a measure of social climate for PA; and 2), to assess social climate in Canada. Methods:<\b>
A representative sample of Canadian adults (n = 2519, male = 50.3%, Mage = 49.06 ± 16.28 years) completed an online survey assessing demographics, PA, and social climate. Social climate was conceptualized as 1. the social acceptability of physical (in)activity; 2. support for PA related policies, regulations and programs; 3. perceptions of the causes of inactivity; and, 4. perceptions of responsibility for preventing inactivity. Descriptive analyses were conducted. Results:<\b>
Physical inactivity was considered a serious public health concern in Canada. The majority of Canadians (61%) reported not often seeing other people exercising nor kids playing outdoors (75%). Twenty-eight percent of the sample believed that society disapproves of physical inactivity. The majority (63%) of respondents believed that physical inactivity is caused by both individual and societal factors. Strong support existed for environmental-, individual- and economic-level policies and less for legislative approaches. Conclusion:<\b>
Physical inactivity is recognized by Canadians as a serious public health problem, yet there may be room for improvement in some social climate dimensions. The outcome of the current assessment provides a baseline for tracking the impact of future system-level interventions on social climate as it pertains to PA.
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