Water-based training as non-pharmacological treatment alternative to improve lipid profile of dyslipidemic elderly women: A randomised clinical trial.
ISPAH ePoster Library. Bagatini N. Oct 15, 2018; 225417; 310
Mrs. Natalia Bagatini
Mrs. Natalia Bagatini
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Abstract Background:<\b>
Regular physical exercise is highly recommended for dyslipidemia treatment. Aquatic environment presents some beneficial characteristics for this population, however, the modality that promotes better results is still unknown. Objective: To compare the effects of water-based aerobic training and water-based resistance training on lipid profile of dyslipidemic women.Design: Three-arm randomized controlled clinical trial with groups in parallel. Setting: University swimming pool.Patients: Sixty-nine elderly (65.79 years; 95%CI 64.55 to 67.04) dyslipidemic women.Interventions: Water-based aerobic training (WA), water-based resistance training (WR) and control group (CG), with two weekly sessions, during 10 weeks.Measurements: Biochemical analyses were used to measure total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels and TC/HDL ratio, before and after the 10-weeks period. Results:<\b>
In intention-to-treat analysis, WA and WR subjects obtained similar decreases in TC levels (10%), TG (13% and 16%, respectively), LDL (16% and 17%) and TC/HDL ratio (17% and 23%). Also, both interventions promoted increases of 8% and 17% in HDL levels. The CG maintained their TC and LDL values unchanged, the concentrations of TG and TC/HDL were increased in 4 and 11%, respectively, and the HDL levels were decreased in 5%.Limitations: The lipid metabolism enzymes activity was not tested.Conclusions: Water-based training (aerobic and resistance) induced improvements in lipid profile of the dyslipidemic elderly women. Both strategies are useful as non-pharmacological treatment and promote similar benefits.Trial Registration: NCT02900612. External funding details This research was supported by the International Research Fund (FIPE) from HCPA, CAPES and CNPq.
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