Physical education and public health: Population-based findings from the MoMo Study
ISPAH ePoster Library. Hanssen-Doose A. Oct 16, 2018; 225445; 133
Dr. Anke Hanssen-Doose
Dr. Anke Hanssen-Doose
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Abstract PurposeAlthough almost all children and adolescents are exposed to compulsory physical education (PE) in school, the scientific evidence addressing the public health effects of PE is limited. This paper describes PE classes in terms of quantity, quality and context factors and verifies the predictability of health outcomes by PE. MethodData originate from the representative MoMo Study in Germany (data collection: 2009–2012). Measurement of PE, physical activity and health-related data by questionnaire, anthropometric and fitness data by test. Health outcomes ´general state of health`, ´cardiovascular disease risk` and ´reduced motor performance` were calculated. The sample consisted of n=2,282 pupils aged 7–17 yrs (1,170 male, 1,112 female). Means, SD, CHI², T-Test and LASSO regressions carried out.ResultsThe average time spent with PE was 118 min (±41 SD) which is less than time spent in sports clubs (130 min ±147 SD). Quality of PE classes was assessed predominantly positive with two exceptions: 33% reported a lack of intensity and 44% a lack of difficulty. Variables of PE had a weak predictive power only on ´general state of health` (R²=0,27), not on ´cardiovascular disease risk` and ´reduced motor performance`. ConclusionThe ability of PE to contribute to public health is limited. In terms of quality of PE, levels of difficulty and intensity should be subject of further research. In terms of quantity, the time spent with PE should be increased to at least 180 min per week. External funding details Funded by Federal Ministry of Education and Research, funding reference number: 01ER1503.
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