Motor skills in Italian, Greek and Norwegen 7-8 years old children
ISPAH ePoster Library. Tortella P. 10/15/18; 225466; 13848
Patrizia Tortella
Patrizia Tortella
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Abstract
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Abstract Introduction:<\b>
Motor development influenced by individual constraints including genetic imprinting and maturity as well as the specific environmental and cultural context and physical activity context can influence the process of developing motor competence. In this research we examine cross-cultural differences in motor competence of 6-8 years old children from Greece, Italy and Norway. Methods:<\b>
Norwegian (205), Italian (126) and Greek (132) were measuring in fine and gross motor skills (Sigmundsson et al., 2016). Results:<\b>
Norwegians outweighed Italian and Greek children in speed, accuracy, sureness, coordination of the two hands, hand-eye coordination and dynamic balance. In the three groups of children there are differences in fine and gross motor skills and in school programs. In Norway the preschool program has an interdisciplinary orientation with many outdoor activities which are missing in Greece and Italy.Conclusions. Large differences exists between the three countries in terms of time dedicated to physical activity at school and the curricula objectives EACEA/Eurydice, 2013. The frequency and time of practice is also different in the three countries: Norwegian children spend 10% of the full-time general education by practicing physical activity and consider physical education a compulsory subject. This pilot study suggests an ecological approach together with evidence-based strategies to promote physical activities. Governments, stakeholders, administrators and teachers needs to realize the importance that cultural differences in the practice of PA at school and ”local” believes have on motor development.
Abstract Introduction:<\b>
Motor development influenced by individual constraints including genetic imprinting and maturity as well as the specific environmental and cultural context and physical activity context can influence the process of developing motor competence. In this research we examine cross-cultural differences in motor competence of 6-8 years old children from Greece, Italy and Norway. Methods:<\b>
Norwegian (205), Italian (126) and Greek (132) were measuring in fine and gross motor skills (Sigmundsson et al., 2016). Results:<\b>
Norwegians outweighed Italian and Greek children in speed, accuracy, sureness, coordination of the two hands, hand-eye coordination and dynamic balance. In the three groups of children there are differences in fine and gross motor skills and in school programs. In Norway the preschool program has an interdisciplinary orientation with many outdoor activities which are missing in Greece and Italy.Conclusions. Large differences exists between the three countries in terms of time dedicated to physical activity at school and the curricula objectives EACEA/Eurydice, 2013. The frequency and time of practice is also different in the three countries: Norwegian children spend 10% of the full-time general education by practicing physical activity and consider physical education a compulsory subject. This pilot study suggests an ecological approach together with evidence-based strategies to promote physical activities. Governments, stakeholders, administrators and teachers needs to realize the importance that cultural differences in the practice of PA at school and ”local” believes have on motor development.
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