Mode of commuting, physical activity, energy expenditure and steps in the trips to and from the school in Spanish adolescents: the PACO project
ISPAH ePoster Library. Chillon P. Oct 15, 2018; 225468; 333
Dra Palma Chillon
Dra Palma Chillon
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Abstract
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Abstract Introduction:<\b>
Active commuting to school (ACS) can increase in a 20-30% the daily amount of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in youths. However, there are few studies analyzing the physical activity (PA) and the energy expenditure of the trips to/from the school. Thus, the aims were: to quantify objectively the PA levels derived from each mode of commuting (walking, vehicle and mixed transport), and to analyze the association between ACS with PA, energy expenditure and steps in adolescents. Method: A total of 18 Spanish adolescents (girls=12) aged 15 years old wore an accelerometer and GPS during 1 week. The web-based tool PALMS combined both GPS and accelerometer data and categorized the PA levels (i.e., sedentary, light and moderate-to-vigorous) and the mode of commuting to/from the school. Energy expenditure (METs) and number of steps were also measured. Logistic regression analyses were used to analyze the associations between ACS (active vs. passive) with PA, energy expenditure and steps, controlled by total PA time and increased ground elevation. Results:<\b>
A total of 115 trips were detected. The percentages of light PA were similar for all modes of transport (25-35%), whereas the percentage of MVPA was higher in walking trips (55%). Participants choosing active modes of commuting were more likely to have higher increased METS (OR: 5.497, p=0.013) and higher number of steps (OR: 1.004, p=0.029) than those choosing passive modes of commuting. Conclusion:<\b>
The ACS may have a particular relevance to increase PA levels, energy expenditure and steps in adolescents. External funding details This study was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness [DEP2016-75598-R and DEP2015-63988-R; MINECO/FEDER, UE)]
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