Beliefs, motives and gains associated with physical activity in people with osteoarthritis
ISPAH ePoster Library. Berry A. Oct 16, 2018; 225511; 5
Mrs. Alice Berry
Mrs. Alice Berry
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Abstract INTRODUCTIONOsteoarthritis (OA) affects approximately 8.75 million people in the UK. Physical activity is recommended as a core treatment, however, 44% of people with OA report doing no activity at all. Motivation and Self-Efficacy (the extent to which a person believes they can carry out a behaviour) are both considered to be key factors in understanding participation in physical activity. The aim of this study was to explore the beliefs, motives, and gains associated with physical activity engagement, in a group of people with OA. METHODThis study adopted a cross-sectional survey design, utilising a one-point-in-time questionnaire to gather information. The Exercise Motives and Gains Inventory and the Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale were used to collect data. RESULTSQuestionnaires were completed between August 2015 and January 2016. The sample size was 262. Participants who were active on four or more days per week, were significantly more motivated for enjoyment, avoidance of negative health, and general health/fitness reasons. A comparison of motives and gains revealed that participants reported a higher gain score for social engagement and enjoyment, when compared to related motive scores. Self-efficacy for exercise was also significantly higher for participants who reported being most active. CONCLUSIONThis study provides evidence about the central role that different motives, gains, and levels of self-efficacy might play in determining health-related behaviour, such as physical activity, in this population.
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