Exploring the influence of childcare type on physical activity and sedentary time of a nationally representative sample of Canadian preschoolers
ISPAH ePoster Library. Statler J. Oct 15, 2018; 225586; 449
Julie Statler
Julie Statler
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Abstract Introduction:<\b>
Research exploring the relationship between preschoolers’ physical activity (PA) and sedentary time (ST) in various childcare environments has been conducted on a small-scale. Given the large number of Canadian children enrolled in various types of childcare, coupled with the substantial time they spend in these settings, capturing a national picture of the relationship between childcare enrollment (and type) and PA levels (i.e., light, moderate- to-vigorous, and total) and ST in young children is needed. Methods:<\b>
Using a national representative sample of preschoolers (aged 3-5 years), this cross-sectional study used cycles 3 and 4 of the Canadian Health Measures Survey. Childcare enrollment (e.g., centre-, home-based childcare, home with parent, kindergarten) was reported by parents. Preschoolers wore an Actical accelerometer for 7 consecutive days to measure PA and ST. Device and population-specific cut-points were applied to delineate PA intensities and ST. A MANCOVA was conducted to examine the influence of childcare enrollment on MVPA, LPA and ST while an ANCOVA was used for total physical activity, with both analyses accounting for participant age, sex, household income, and highest level of parental education as co-variates. Results:<\b>
Analyses are currently underway. Based on previous small scale studies, it is anticipated that children attending centre- and home-based childcare will be less active and more sedentary than those attending kindergarten or at home with a parent. Conclusions:Childcare regulations vary substantially across Canada. As such, this research will provide direction to researchers and early year’s stakeholders about which childcare settings may warrant future interventions. External funding details None
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