School travel mode among adolescents: The NEArbY Study
ISPAH ePoster Library. Timperio A. Oct 15, 2018; 225591; 92
Prof. Anna Timperio
Prof. Anna Timperio
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Abstract Introduction:<\b>
This study examined moderating effects of distance and perceived traffic safety on correlates of habitual school travel modes among adolescents in Melbourne, Australia.Method: Adolescents (n=468, 15.4±1.6y, 59% girls) self-reported usual frequency of 8 travel modes to/from school and agreement with 7 road safety items (summed score) and 19 barriers to walking/riding to school (collapsed into 6 categories). Regular (≥5 times/week) active transport (AT), public transport (PT) and car travel were computed. Objective built environment measures around homes and schools were generated. Mixed effects logistic regression was conducted. Results:<\b>
Overall, 46% regularly used AT, 76% PT and 55% regularly travelled by car. Regular AT was associated with personal, planning and safety-related barriers (OR=0.3-0.6), intersection density around home (OR=1.1), residential (OR=1.1) and intersection (OR=1.2) density around school, and distance from school to PT (OR=0.2). Regular PT was associated with traffic safety concerns (OR=1.1), distance (OR=2.2) and personal, planning, social, infrastructure and safety-related barriers (OR=1.7-3.2), and car travel with home residential density (OR=0.96). There were several interactions. Home PT options and intersection density were more conducive to AT, and planning-related barriers more prohibitive of car travel, at shorter distances to school. School residential density was positively associated with AT, and home PT options more prohibitive of car travel, with increasing distance. Personal, aesthetic and safety-related barriers were stronger deterrents, and school residential density more conducive, to AT among those with more favourable road safety perceptions. Conclusion:<\b>
The results highlight the complexity of influences on mode choice. External funding details NIH 1R01HL111378
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