Association of physical activity and physical fitness with academic achievement in adolescents
ISPAH ePoster Library. Ribeiro J. 10/15/18; 225599; 320
Jose Ribeiro
Jose Ribeiro
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Abstract
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Abstract Background/Aim: This study goals are to associate physical activity (PA) and physical fitness (PF) with academic achievements (AA) in adolescents, along with the comparison of PA and PF by gender and also correlate the variables with the body fat percentage (BF), waist circumference and BMI. Methods:<\b>
Sample was composed by 373 teenagers, 10-18 years old, 56.0% females. A questionnaire was used to assess adolescents’ socio-demographic and anthropometric characteristics, an academic evaluation sheet for determining AA, a Tanita’s scale for assessing weight, BMI and BF, a stadiometer for height; accelerometers (GT3Xs) for PA and fitnessgram for PF (cardiorespiratory fitness -CRF). Results:<\b>
An association was observed between AA and PA, particularly vigorous PA (r=0,176; p<0,01), and between AA and PF (r=0,200; p<0,01). The average result of moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) falls short of WHO recommendations (≥ 60min/day). Nevertheless, MVPA were more frequently engaged by males (56,61 min.), when compared with females (35,36 min.; p<0,001)); the same was observed regarding PF (45,29 vs 25,29 laps; p<0,001). We also found an association between PA, particularly VPA, with lower percentage of BF, and PF with lower percentage of BF, lower waist circumference and lower BMI.Conclusions: Vigorous PA and higher levels of CRF are associated with higher scores of AA, and with lower levels of BF, BMI and waist circumference. More vigorous PA are associated with higher levels of CRF, suggesting the need of more VPA to achieve benefits, than just suggesting “lower levels of PA”. External funding details Grant FCT- FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-028619 and CIAFEL supported by: UID/DTP/00617/2013.
Abstract Background/Aim: This study goals are to associate physical activity (PA) and physical fitness (PF) with academic achievements (AA) in adolescents, along with the comparison of PA and PF by gender and also correlate the variables with the body fat percentage (BF), waist circumference and BMI. Methods:<\b>
Sample was composed by 373 teenagers, 10-18 years old, 56.0% females. A questionnaire was used to assess adolescents’ socio-demographic and anthropometric characteristics, an academic evaluation sheet for determining AA, a Tanita’s scale for assessing weight, BMI and BF, a stadiometer for height; accelerometers (GT3Xs) for PA and fitnessgram for PF (cardiorespiratory fitness -CRF). Results:<\b>
An association was observed between AA and PA, particularly vigorous PA (r=0,176; p<0,01), and between AA and PF (r=0,200; p<0,01). The average result of moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) falls short of WHO recommendations (≥ 60min/day). Nevertheless, MVPA were more frequently engaged by males (56,61 min.), when compared with females (35,36 min.; p<0,001)); the same was observed regarding PF (45,29 vs 25,29 laps; p<0,001). We also found an association between PA, particularly VPA, with lower percentage of BF, and PF with lower percentage of BF, lower waist circumference and lower BMI.Conclusions: Vigorous PA and higher levels of CRF are associated with higher scores of AA, and with lower levels of BF, BMI and waist circumference. More vigorous PA are associated with higher levels of CRF, suggesting the need of more VPA to achieve benefits, than just suggesting “lower levels of PA”. External funding details Grant FCT- FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-028619 and CIAFEL supported by: UID/DTP/00617/2013.
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