The association of physical activity, body mass index, auto-efficacy and socio demographic factors among Ecuadorian workers during 2006
ISPAH ePoster Library. Mogrovejo P. 10/16/18; 226311; 145
Dr. Patricia Mogrovejo
Dr. Patricia Mogrovejo
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Abstract
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Abstract Introduction: Physical inactivity (PI) is a major risk factor for morbidity and premature mortality. However, the association among PI, Body Mass Index (BMI), auto-efficacy and socio demographic factors is unknown in Ecuadorian workers. This study aimed to determine the association among BMI, Physical Activity (PA) levels, PA auto-efficacy and socio demographic factors in Ecuadorian workers during 2006.Method: A cross sectional study was conducted on 917 Ecuadorian private workers (663 men and 254 women). Surveys were performed to obtain: 1. Sociodemographic data; 2. BMI; 3. PA levels were measured by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and 4. Auto-efficacy. Descriptive statistics, chi- squared test and Factorial Analysis of Multiple Correspondences (FAMC) were used.Results: The PI prevalence was 65.3%. The prevalence of excess of weight was 50% (40.8% overweight, 9.4% obesity) and it increased with age. More than 50% of overweight subjects were men, sedentary and belong to 45 to 64 years age group. The FAMC showed that men and women aged 18 to 29 years with normal /lower BMI performed regular PA. The overweight men who were aged 30 to 44 years practiced PA. However, obese women and men 45 to 64 years age group did not practice regular PA. Lower PA auto-efficacy was associated with excess of weight. Conclusion:The PI and obesity prevalence were high. The PI was high in obesity and older subjects. Being obese was a barrier for performing PA. A life promotion program was implemented at workplace investigated.
Abstract Introduction: Physical inactivity (PI) is a major risk factor for morbidity and premature mortality. However, the association among PI, Body Mass Index (BMI), auto-efficacy and socio demographic factors is unknown in Ecuadorian workers. This study aimed to determine the association among BMI, Physical Activity (PA) levels, PA auto-efficacy and socio demographic factors in Ecuadorian workers during 2006.Method: A cross sectional study was conducted on 917 Ecuadorian private workers (663 men and 254 women). Surveys were performed to obtain: 1. Sociodemographic data; 2. BMI; 3. PA levels were measured by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and 4. Auto-efficacy. Descriptive statistics, chi- squared test and Factorial Analysis of Multiple Correspondences (FAMC) were used.Results: The PI prevalence was 65.3%. The prevalence of excess of weight was 50% (40.8% overweight, 9.4% obesity) and it increased with age. More than 50% of overweight subjects were men, sedentary and belong to 45 to 64 years age group. The FAMC showed that men and women aged 18 to 29 years with normal /lower BMI performed regular PA. The overweight men who were aged 30 to 44 years practiced PA. However, obese women and men 45 to 64 years age group did not practice regular PA. Lower PA auto-efficacy was associated with excess of weight. Conclusion:The PI and obesity prevalence were high. The PI was high in obesity and older subjects. Being obese was a barrier for performing PA. A life promotion program was implemented at workplace investigated.
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